Afri Guard conduct criminal investigations for the purpose of clearing crimes by arrest and/or complaint; to prosecute lawbreakers; and to recover stolen property.
Whenever members of the investigations department conduct an investigation, which requires the interrogation of a suspect, or an interview, connected therewith, all constitutional and statutory rights guaranteed under the law shall be afforded to the individual.
The Afri Guard Investigating Officers will ensure that there is a screening of all reported offences to ensure adequate follow-up investigation whenever appropriate.
Whenever possible, the SAPS Guidelines on Identification Procedures with attached forms and checklists will be used when dealing with photo line ups, arrays, show ups and taped interrogations and identifications.
SITE MANAGERS, SUPERVISORS AND SECURITY OFFICERS CONDUCT PRELIMINARY INVESTIGATIONS:
Preliminary investigations will be conducted by members of the patrol force since they are usually the first to arrive at the scene or become aware and can start the investigation without delay.
Security Staff on site should pursue the initial investigation at the scene until such time that it seems unlikely to produce additional benefits.
It may frequently be possible and desirable for Security Staff on Site to conduct limited follow-up investigations of some crimes.
Many times the name of a perpetrator may be known and an interrogation, while the incident is still fresh and before evidence of a crime can be destroyed, may be advantageous. Minor larcenies and assaults, and other misdemeanours not requiring specialized expertise, are examples of crimes that may be followed up by preliminary on site Security Personnel.
A. CASE FILE MAINTENANCE:
All investigative case files shall be maintained in the case file drawer, located in the records room, unless the case is designated confidential, sensitive Cases may be removed from the case file drawer by the case officer, or by other personnel for any legitimate purpose, by signing for the docket in the document issue register.
The assigned incident number shall be the case number assigned to the file at the time it is originated.
The case file shall contain, but not be limited to, copies of preliminary investigation reports; statements of victims/witnesses and perpetrators; examination results; photos; status reports; all other records needed for investigative purposes. These files shall not be made public and shall be kept confidential at all times.
Confidential cases involving rape and sexual assaults shall be maintained in a separate limited access file cabinet.
This file cabinet shall be kept locked at all times when not in actual use and access to the keys shall be limited to rape investigation officers.
All other cases, when closed or suspended, shall be periodically consolidated into the central records system.
B. CASE FILES TYPES AND PURGE PROCESS:
Case files will be maintained in the case file drawer cabinet, located in the records room. Cases will be filed in the Afri Guard Investigations Archives, or consolidated into the central records system. The files destruction shall be conducted under the direction of the SHERQ Manager the Administrative Assistant, and in accordance with all applicable Record Disposal Procedure.
C. FOLLOW-UP INVESTIGATIONS:
Follow-up investigations are usually the result of the report review process. The criteria used to determine if a follow-up investigation will be conducted includes, but is not limited to, the nature and seriousness of the offence, solvability factors, and the availability of department resources.
D. BACKGROUND INVESTIGATIONS:
Background investigations may be used for criminal investigations. Investigations of this nature shall be conducted discretely and with special precautions.
The use of information and the purging of records shall be the responsibility of the Manager Investigations, unless the background check was made as a result of the request of the client or SAPS etc. The use of information obtained shall be limited to legitimate law enforcement functions, and shall only be disseminated on a need-to-know basis within the investigations department.
Upon conclusion of an investigation, only that information specific to a criminal case shall be kept, and such information will be maintained in a secure fashion.
Suspects shall be interviewed in an unhurried manner to assure that the suspect has heard and understood what constitutional and statutory rights he or she is entitled to.
No coercion, threats, or promises shall be used under any condition to obtain a confession, statement, or admission from any individual.
When a suspect voluntarily makes a statement, officers do not have to prevent him from continuing to talk. Voluntary statements:
- Are those not made in response to questioning by an officer;
- Are statements made by a suspect of his or her own free will;
- May be taken after a suspect is in custody and before or after actual interrogation, so long as the statements are clearly voluntary.
2. TECHNICAL AIDS FOR THE DETECTION OF DECEPTION:
Technical aids for the detection of deception may be used in an investigation if appropriate.
The Investigating Officer will seek assistance from our Polygraphist who have detection of deception devices, and who is trained and certified for operation of such devices. No unauthorized personnel shall be allowed to use such technical aids for investigations.